ISSN 1545-6129
MHR Instructions to Authors

Submission of Manuscripts

Manuscripts must be submitted electronically as email attachments, at the following

Humane use of experimental animals

All animal experimentation described in the submitted manuscript must be
conducted in accord with accepted standards of humane animal care, as outlined in
the Ethical Guidelines, should be included in the manuscript.

Ethical principles for medical research involving human

All studies that involve human subjects must abide by the rules of the appropriate
Internal Review Board and the tenets of the (recently revised) Helsinki protocol

Furthermore, all published studies that involve human subjects should not mention
subjects' identifying information (e.g., initials) unless the information is essential for
scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed
consent for publication. See the "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted
to Biomedical Journals" at for further discussion.

Guidelines for stem cell research

Research with embryonic stem cells should adhere to the guidelines established by
the National Academy of Sciences, as published in the National Academy Press, at

Organization of the Manuscript

Manuscripts must be written in English using size-12 Times Romans font, and double
spaced throughout, including references, tables, and figure legends, with at least 1 inch (25
mm) margins. The manuscript should be divided as: title page, abstract, main text,
acknowledgements (if any), and the reference list.

Title page: This page should contain the title, authors’ names, institutional affiliation,
corresponding author, etc.

Abstract: The abstract (<250 words) should concisely present the hypothesis being tested,
general methods, results, and conclusions.

Key Words: Authors must supply 3 to 8 key words along with their manuscript.

Main Text: The main text should begin on a separate page and it may be subdivided into
separate sections. The reference numbers should be given in square brackets in the text.

Acknowledgements: Acknowledgements should be kept to a minimum.

References: All references must be numbered in the text in square brackets, e.g.,
[4], or [7,8,10,15-17], in order of citation in the text. Titles of journals are abbreviated
according to Chemical Abstract Service Source Index. Unpublished data and personal
communications (which can be only included if permission is obtained) should not be
given in the reference list. Some examples of reference style are provided below:

[1]        Sherman ML, Shafman TD and Kufe DW [1998] Modulation of cyclic AMP levels
and differentiation by adenosine analogs in mouse erythroleukemia cells. J Cell Physiol
134: 429-436. (Please do not use upper case for listing the author names).

[2]        Gilmore ML, Rouse ST, Heilman CJ, Nash, NR and Levey AI [1998] Receptor
fusion proteins and analysis. In: Ariano MA (Editor), Receptor Localization. New York:
Wiley-Liss, pp. 75-90.

[3]        Voet D and Voet JG [1990] Biochemistry: Textbook for students. New York: John
Wiley & Sons, Inc, pp. 1223-1250.

Tables: Each table should have a title.

Figures: Figures should be referred to as "Fig. 1" in the text within round brackets. Each
figure should be accompanied by a figure legend that briefly describes the important
features of the figure.

Structures: The chemical structures must be prepared using the
ChemDraw software.